courses

Bachelors in Botany

Duration: 04 Years (08 Semesters)

Eligibility: At least 45% marks in intermediate with biology
as an elective subject


BS-4 Years Botany program comprises of 8 semesters with 132 credit hours. Outline of the courses is as under.

Semester 1

Course Code Course Title Credits
BOT-101
Diversity of Plants 04 (3+1)
ZOL-101 Principles of Animal life 04 (3+1)
CHEM-181 Physical Chemistry 04 (3+1)
ENG:101 English-I (Functional English) 3
PKS-101 Pakistan Studies 2
  Total 17

Semester 2

Course Code Course Title Credits
BOT-102 Plant systematic, Anatomy and Development/
Embryology
4(3+1)
ZOL-102 Diversity in Animals Invertebrates 4(3+1)
CHEM-161 Inorganic Chemistry 4(3+1)
ENG:102 English-II(Communication Skills) 3
ISL-102 Islamic studies 2
  Total 17

Semester 3

Course Code Course Title Credits
BOT-203 Cell Biology, Genetics &Evolution 4(3+1)
ZOL-203 Diversity of Animal Chordates 4(3+1)
CHEM-271 Organic Chemistry 4(3+1)
ENG:203 English-III (Technical Report Writing and Presentation Skills) 03
COMP-203 Introduction to Information and Communication Technologies 03
  Total 18

Semester 4

Course Code Course Title Credits
BOT-204 Plant Physiology & Ecology 4(3+1)
ZOL-204 Principles of Animal Physiology 4(3+1)
CHEM-292 Basic Biochemistry 4(3+1)
BOT-205 Biodiversity and Conservation 3(2+1)
MATH-204 Mathematics/ any other elective out of major courses 03
  Total 18

Semester 5

Course Code Course Title Credits
STAT-412 Biostatistics 03(2+1)
BOT-306 Bacteriology and Virology 03(2+1)
BOT-307 Phycology & Bryology 03(2+1)
BOT-308 Mycology & Plant Pathology 03(2+1)
BOT-309 Diversity of Vascular Plants 03(2+1)
BOT-310 Plant systematics 03(2+1)
  Total 18

Semester 6

Course Code Course Title Credits
BOT-311 Plant Anatomy 03(2+1)
BOT-312 Genetics-I 03(2+1)
BOT-313 Plant Biochemistry-I 03(2+1)
BOT-314 Plant Ecology-I 03(2+1)
BOT-315 Plant Physiology-I 03(2+1)
BOT-316 Cell Biology 03(2+1)
  Total 18

Semester 7

Course Code Course Title Credits
BOT-417 Molecular Biology 03(2+1)
BOT-418 Plant Biochemistry-II 03(2+1)
BOT-419 Plant Ecology-II 03(2+1)
BOT- code from optional list ELECTIVE-I /Optional paper/Thesis/Internship/ Research Project 03(2+1)
BOT-420 Research Methodology 2
  Total 14

Semester 8

Course Code Course Title Credits
BOT-421 Genetics II 3(2+1)
BOT-422 Plant Physiology-II 3(2+1)
BOT-423 Environmental Biology 3(2+1)
BOT- code from optional list ELECTIVE-II/Optional paper/Thesis/Internship/ Research Project 03(2+1)
  Total 12

Fee Structure for B.S Chemistry

Tuition Fee Per Smester 30,000
Fee Due Date
Admission fee (once in a course) 10,000 payable at the time of admission
Registration fee 6,500 payable at the time of admission
Examination fee (once in a course) 5,000 payable at the time of admission
Total 21,500  

Recommended Books By University of Sargodha

1. Newman, E. I. 2001. Applied Ecology. Blackwell Science. UK

2. Mooney, H. A. and Saugier, B. 2000. Terrestrial Global Productivity. Academic Press, UK.

3. Eugene, E. D. and Smith, B. F. 2000. Environmental Science: A study of interrelation ships.

4. French, H. 2000. Vanishing Borders: Protecting the Planet in the Age of Globalization. W. Norton and Company, NY

5. HBazzaz, F. A. 2004. Plants in changing environments: Linking physiological, population, and community ecology. Cambridge Univ. Press.

6. Kaufman, E.D. “Advanced Concepts in Physical Chemistry”. McGraw Hill Book Company, NY (1966).

7. Bush, M.B. 1997. Ecology of a changing planet. Prentice Hall, UK.

8. Marsh, M.W. and Grossa, Jr., J.M. 1996. Environmental geography: Science, land use, and earth systems. John Wiley and Sons.

9. Lambers, H., T. L. Pons and F. Stuart. 2008. Plant Physiological Ecology.

10. Ashfaq, M., Mushtaq, A. and Saleem, M. A. 2004. Environmental Pollution and Agriculture. B.Z Press, Multan, Pakistan.